Before getting ahead to the types of firewall in network security, let’s first get into the background.

Over 30 years after the network firewall idea entered the security discourse, technology is still an important weapon in the business network security armoury. The firewall has shown its effectiveness over the years as a tool for filtering out harmful traffic before it reaches the network border. 

However, like with any vital technology that has been in use for a long time, advancements have aided in the advancement of both the firewall’s functionality, its deployment alternatives, and the types of firewall in network security. 

types of firewall in network security

Finding the correct tools for the task is one of the most difficult issues that businesses face when attempting to safeguard their sensitive data. Even with a popular technology like a firewall (also known as a network firewall), several firms may be unsure of how to choose the best firewall (plural, firewalls) since there are different types of firewall in network security.

Here we will be discussing the different types of firewall in network security and types of firewall in E commerce. We will also answer the question, “What are the two main types of firewall?” and “What are the 3 types of firewalls?”

Firewall Network Security

Before getting into the types of firewall in network security, let’s get to know the basics of firewall network security.

A firewall network security is a device that analyzes the inbound and outbound network traffic and allows or filters data packets depending on a set of security rules. 

Its objective is to create a wall between the internal network and incoming traffic from other sources (like the internet) in such a way as to filter unwanted traffic such as viruses and hackers.

A firewall network security is a sort of cybersecurity equipment and is used to regulate network traffic. 

Firewalls could be used to isolate network nodes from outside traffic, internal traffic, or even specialised applications. Firewalls can be hardware, software, or cloud-based, with each having its own set of advantages and disadvantages.

A firewall network security’s primary objective is to stop detecting malicious queries and network information while permitting genuine traffic to get through.

Let’s look at the different types of firewall in network security.

What are the 3 Types of Firewalls in Network Security?

There are 3 types of firewall in network security, which are as follows:

  1. Proxy Firewalls 
  2. Stateful Inspection Firewalls
  3. Stateless Packet Filtering Firewalls

Let’s look at the types of firewall in network security for E-commerce.

Basic Types of Firewall in E Commerce

Firewalls are also classified according to how they function, and each kind can be configured as either software or a physical device.

types of firewall in network security

Let’s proceed to our main topic, Types of Firewall in Network Security. If you are wondering, “what are the 3 types of firewalls?”, the answer is that there are many types of firewall in E commerce, but here we will discuss a few types of firewall in E commerce mainly considered to be the main types of firewall in E commerce, based on how they operate.

Packet Filtering Firewall

This is one of the most common types of firewall in network security. Inline packet filtering firewalls function at junction points where equipment such as switches and routers perform their functions. 

These firewalls, however, do not route packets; instead, they evaluate each packet sent against a set of predefined criteria, such as the authorised IPs, packet types, port numbers, and other features of the packet protocol headers. 

Packets marked as problematic are often discarded immediately — that is, they are still not transmitted and hence cease to exist.

Benefits of a Packet Filtering Firewall

  • A single device may filter network traffic across the whole network.
  • Scan traffic extremely quickly and efficiently.
  • Inexpensive.
  • The impact on other assets, network performance, and end-user experience are minimal.

Drawbacks of Packet Filtering Firewall:

  • Because traffic filtering is only reliant on Internet addresses or indicates that the application, packet filtering lacks the larger context that other types of firewalls rely on.
  • It does not examine the payload and is readily faked.
  • Not suitable for every network.
  • Access control lists may be challenging to create and manage.

Circuit Level Gateway 

This is one of the major types of firewall in network security. 

Circuit-level gateways watch TCP authentications and other internet protocol network authentication messages throughout the net as they are formed between local and distant sites to assess whether the connection being launched is valid – if the remote system is regarded as trustworthy. 

They do not, however, check the packets themselves.

Benefits of a Circuit-Level Gateway

  • Only requests are processed; all other traffic is refused.
  • Simple to create and manage.
  • Low cost with little impact on user experience

Disadvantages of Circuit-level Gateways

  • Circuit-level gateways provide no security from data leaks from gadgets within the firewall unless used in combination with additional security solutions.
  • There is no application-layer monitoring.
  • To keep the rules current, they must be updated regularly.

Stateful Inspection Firewall

It is one of the best types of firewall in network security; state-aware gadgets not only evaluate individual packets and also keep a record of whether or not they are part of an existing TCP or another network session.

This provides a higher level of security than both packet filtering and circuit monitoring alone, but at a higher cost to network performance.

The multilayer inspection firewall is another version of stateful inspection that considers the transactions in progress across several protocol stacks of the seven-stack Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) design.

Benefits of a Stateful Inspection Firewall

  • Checks IP addresses as well as payload for complete security while monitoring the whole session for the condition of the connection.
  • Provides extensive control over what information is allowed into and out of the network.
  • It is not necessary to open several ports to enable traffic in and out.
  • Provides extensive logging capabilities.

Disadvantages of a Stateful Inspection Firewall

  • It consumes a lot of resources and slows down network communications.
  • It is one of the types of firewall in network security that is costlier than other firewall choices.
  • Does not provide authentication mechanisms to ensure that traffic sources are not spoofing.

Now that we’ve gone over “what are the 3 types of firewalls”, let’s explore “what are the two main types of firewall?”

What are the Two Main Types of Firewall?

types of firewall in network security

Although they are all intended to block unwanted access, firewall operation methods and core design can differ tremendously. The answer to the question, What are the two main types of firewall? 

There are two types of firewall in network security based on their structure: software firewalls and hardware firewalls.

The Software Firewalls 

It is one of the basic types of firewall in network security. On the host device, the software firewall is deployed. 

As a result, this form of firewall is sometimes referred to as a host firewall. Because it is connected to a certain device, it must use its resources to function. As a result, it is unavoidable that it will consume part of the system’s RAM and CPU.

The Hardware Firewalls 

It is another basic type of firewall in network security. Hardware firewalls, as the name implies, are security systems that are installed as a distinct piece of hardware on an internal network or external network (the Internet). This is also referred to as a device firewall.

We hope that this article on the different types of firewall in network security helps give you information on what type of firewall is best for you.

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