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The digital transformation has meant that organizations have faced large changes across the past few years as they race to transition to an online business environment. Those organizations who don’t make the move risk being left behind in a world that no longer only operates in the physical world, and those that make the transition expose themselves to a whole new range of cyber threats.
Cyber security has never been more important for organizations shifting to an online presence, in which the amount of cybercrime has dramatically increased over the past few years. Cybercriminals are now identifying frequent opportunities to catch the low-hanging fruit that is small organizations. These attacks are indiscriminate and happen often.
Therefore, leaving yourself vulnerable in today’s digital environment simply isn’t an option. Below, we’ll take a look at the five types of cyber security that organizations can deploy to better protect their digital assets.
Types Of Cyber Security
Critical Infrastructure Security
Just like an organization’s physical building needs security to protect it from criminals and unauthorized people from walking inside, there also needs to be protection in place to prevent anyone from accessing your online environment. Critical Infrastructure includes your network communications, data center, or IT center.
The best approach to protect your online infrastructure is a proactive one, in which it’s usually much easier to deploy security that prevents an attack, rather than try to remedy one after it has happened. An organization’s critical infrastructure is vulnerable to a number of different types of attacks from state-sponsored threat actors, lone wolves, and criminal organizations.
Once a cyber criminal gains access to an organization’s critical infrastructure, there are a number of other systems they can gain control of which affect business operations. These include but are not limited to:
- Power supply
- Water supply
- Cooling system
- Heating and air circulation
In order to prevent these types of attacks, it’s best to deploy a cloud-based security software solution from a reputable provider like perimeter 81 SASE security.
Application security is one of the easiest types of security to implement and is applied at an application level, protecting each individual program that an organization uses. For example, this could be securing an employee’s email account or access to an internal intranet or sharepoint. While protecting these assets is not difficult, getting employees on board with the security procedures can be slightly more challenging if they are used to easily access their applications without any sort of security slowing them down.
Some of the ways to apply application security include:
- Using a strong password with a combination of numbers, letters, and special characters.
- Using multi-factor authentication
- Using a different password for every account
- Storing passwords in a secure digital vault, rather than on sticky notes or in a notebook in the office.
Network security is one of the most important types of cyber security for any organization in order to protect the data your organization holds. Due to a number of laws and legislations like the GDPR that came into effect a few years ago, organizations must have measures in place to protect the personal data of their employees and clients.
If a company is found in breach of protecting such personal data, there can be hefty fines, as well as permanent damage to its reputation which can be difficult to recover from. Some of the most common types of network security an organization can deploy include:
- Firewalls – A firewall acts as a barrier between your trusted internal network and external networks, helping to keep the wrong people out.
- Email Security – Email attacks such as phishing attacks where criminals trick employees or customers into entering their personal data are highly common. However, basic email security can prevent such emails from getting into your internal network.
- Antivirus and Malware Protection – As one of the most common types of security that people are familiar with, anti-virus protection is applied on individual computers to detect and remove any malicious programs.
- Data Loss Prevention – Data loss prevention should be applied as an internal way of working to ensure that employees do not jeopardize your organization’s data.
In today’s digital world, most applications operate in a cloud environment rather than from a physical server. While this makes life more convenient, it also means that digital assets are at higher risk. Common types of cloud assets that organizations use include Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive, and Apple iCloud for storage.
In order to protect these assets, organizations should investigate the cloud platform to ensure they have their own security in place before using the solution. You can also control security on your side by monitoring end-user behavior and deploying basic practices like strong passwords and MFA (Multi-Factor Authentication).
IoT is used by a number of devices in our homes and offices for everyday life, connecting each item to our network and allowing access to our personal worlds. For this reason, IoT technology can pose a huge risk.
Some of the ways organizations can protect their IoT devices include:
- Monitoring how every IoT device is used on the network
- Control who has access to the network
- Deploy a software that can detect if any of these devices become compromised
Overall, there are a number of different areas of cyber security which are crucial to any organization. In order to thrive in the digital world without fear of business interruptions, it’s best to put in place these preventative measures now, rather than trying to remedy the situation after an attack has taken place.